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生殖感染与不育关系暧昧

发表日期:2008年12月14日  出处:本站  作者:本站  本页面已被访问 1132 次


生殖感染与不育关系暧昧

 


  包皮炎与龟头炎属常见病,患病时因性交困难而影响生育,一般病程较短,炎症愈后对生育无大影响,但应警惕淋病与梅毒等在阴茎头部出现的类似症状。  感染性疾病是导致男性不育的重要因素之一。男性生殖器官包括外生殖器、副性腺、附睾及睾丸等部分,上述各部受到细菌、衣原体、支原体、病毒等微生物感染,均可发生炎症。

  前列腺炎尤其是慢性前列腺炎,是成年男性常见的疾病,该病在病程的某一阶段,就会出现阳痿、早泄和神经衰弱等症状,无疑会影响生育。精囊炎在发病之后极易转成慢性,常与慢性前列腺炎、慢性附睾炎同时存在或先后发生,也常为复发性附睾炎的原因。无论是细菌还是病毒引起的精囊炎和前列腺炎,都可抑制生精功能。尤其是精液中含有细菌,即使无任何症状,也能引起精细胞分解、精细胞中毒、精子寿命缩短和精子凝集等现象。上述种种原因均可导致不育。

  睾丸炎常为附睾炎的并发症,严重时能发展为附睾睾丸炎,还可继发于流行性腮腺炎、梅毒、结核等全身性疾病。无论原发于睾丸的炎症或来自其他系统的炎症,均损害睾丸。流行性腮腺炎引起的睾丸炎,多为单侧发病,如为双侧,可因睾丸萎缩导致不育,此时可见生精上皮的严重损害。所以,单侧睾丸受损害后仍然有生殖能力,若双侧受损害,则能造成少精子症或无精子症。由淋病菌感染的睾丸炎或附睾炎,能导致睾丸功能丧失和附睾部分梗阻或完全梗阻。

  附睾炎,尤其慢性附睾炎,常与慢性前列腺炎和慢性精囊炎同时存在或先后发生。在炎症性病变发展过程中,附睾管腔可因瘢痕形成变细变窄,甚至发展成管腔完全闭塞,如果病变为双侧,则可造成不育。

  包皮炎与龟头炎属常见病,患病时因性交困难而影响生育,一般病程较短,炎症愈后对生育无大影响,但应警惕淋病与梅毒等在阴茎头部出现的类似症状。

  应注意一些无症状的生殖系感染,有时也可造成不成熟精子的早期脱落。现在已知,生殖道内的T(微小株)支原体感染是导致男性不育的原因之一。

副性腺、附睾或睾丸的炎症,或因损伤血睾屏障,或因引起精子抗原分子结构的变化,有时可引起自身免疫性不育。



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